The Justices of the Supreme Court of L Nageswara Rao, BR Gavai and AS Bopanna declared that sex workers and their children, like any other profession and person, fall under the protection of Article 21 of the Constitution of India. The legalization of prostitution would not be the best way to solve the problems of prostitutes. But some changes in current legislation and policy would make a significant difference in their lives. This would help them get out of the pit they have to fall into and which are trapped for years. As the court was about to issue orders, Deputy Attorney General Jayant Sud informed the court that a bill to combat human trafficking was underway with the government. The Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Care and Rehabilitation) Act 2022 contains several progressive provisions on the prevention of human trafficking and the rehabilitation of sex workers. The bill was introduced five years ago. Some countries choose to ban the practice altogether, while others have attempted to regulate prostitution and provide health and social services to sex workers. According to child protection standards, the brothel is not a safe place for a child in need of care and protection. During the COVID-19 pandemic, when brothels were closed, there were several cases of underage children being pimped for sex work. As there has been much hype surrounding the recent court ruling, activists working to combat human trafficking for sexual exploitation have made it clear that the court`s ruling does not legalize the “meat trade” in brothels. It is intended to protect sex workers (prostitutes) and not those who live or profit from it, such as brothel owners and traffickers, who can be prosecuted.
This isolation affects other sex workers and casts doubt on the legality of their profession. In fact, mere legal status for prostitution is not enough to ensure that sex workers are not relegated to the margins of society. Currently, it is estimated that there are about 3 million sex workers in India, an overwhelming majority in the 15-35 age group. By the way, even though sex work is not illegal in India, existing legal regulations make it difficult for any sex worker or prostitute to practice it, and they can even be reserved for canvassing. As with other socially taboo professions, there is a grey area and ambiguity in the exercise of it. Brothels are illegal de jure, but in practice limited to certain areas of a particular city. Although the profession has no official approval, little effort is made to eradicate or hinder it. However, Tapati Bhowmick of Sanlap, an organization that works with trafficked women and their children, disagrees that the children of sex workers should remain in the brothel. “We have been running a women`s shelter for sex workers` children for 30 years because sex workers who are mothers wanted to keep their daughters away from the brothel. It is not a safe place for children and girls who are vulnerable to abuse and harassment,” Bhowmick said. Germany: Prostitution is legalized and there are real state brothels. Workers have health insurance, have to pay taxes and even receive social benefits such as pensions.
In a decision of 19. In May, the Supreme Court also asked the center to clarify its position on the recommendations of a panel formed in 2011 by the Supreme Court to address the prevention of human trafficking and issues of rehabilitation and dignity of sex workers. The Centre informed the SC in 2016 that the panel`s renewed comments had been incorporated into draft legislation. Since then, however, no legislation has been passed. Women and girls from China, Arab countries, Japan, former Soviet republics, Sri Lanka, and other countries of origin work as prostitutes in India. In 2015, ten Thai women were arrested in India for prostitution for allegedly running two brothels posing as massage parlors.  The judgment of 19. Mai sought to clarify the legal distinction between adults like Rai, who mutually choose sex work, and minors and traffickers, who cannot legally consent and can be part of the trade. b) If a sex worker reports a criminal/sexual crime or other type of crime, the police will take it seriously and act in accordance with the law. Prostitution is legal in India.  A number of related activities such as advertising, ramping on the sidewalk, owning or managing a brothel, hotel prostitution, juvenile prostitution, pimping and pimping are illegal.   However, there are many brothels operating illegally in Indian cities such as Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore and Chennai.
 UNAIDS estimates that there were 657,829 prostitutes in the country in 2016.  Other unofficial estimates have calculated that India has about 3 to 10 million prostitutes.   India is widely regarded as one of the largest sex trade industries in the world.     It has become a global center of sex tourism, attracting sex tourists from rich countries.     India`s multi-billion dollar sex industry is one of the most dynamic.    There is an urgent need to make law enforcement more effective in rescuing girls who may be forced into prostitution. [xvi] Mellisa Farely, “BAD FOR THE BODY, BAD FOR THE HEART”; Prostitution harms women, even if legalized or decriminalized, 10(10) VEILNECE AGAINST WOMEN 1087, 1090(2004). In India, reformatories have been set up to rescue prostituted women, but these themselves require several corrections before helping these women.
Reformatories are defined in section 21 of the Immoral Movement Prevention Act, under which the Government has the power to detain a woman in sex work against her will for a specified period in the reformatory. (a) Interrogation of prostitution services in public places. “Whenever there is a raid on a brothel, as voluntary sex work is not illegal and only the operation of the brothel is illegal, the sex workers involved should not be arrested or punished, harassed or harassed. The judges ordered state and local governments to hold workshops to inform sex workers of their rights, conduct surveys of their members, and involve them in developing related measures. With regard to equality, the court held that the authorities cannot separate a child from its mother just because the woman is a prostitute. The state is also prohibited from arresting sex workers and forcing them to stay in “rehabilitation homes” against their will. (e) The police are obliged to treat all sex workers with dignity and not to abuse them verbally or physically, subject them to violence or force them to engage in sexual activity. There are several laws on prostitution under the Constitution, the Indian Penal Code of 1860 and the Prevention of Immoral Trafficking Act of 1956. According to the Constitution, in addition to the protection of equality and other freedoms such as the right to life and clauses on personal liberty, the Constitution protects the prohibition of trafficking in persons and forced labour, as well as the denial of trafficking in persons and unlimited work. “State governments will have to be very tough on the police,” said Seshu of the Maharashtra collective, which advocates for sex workers. “And I think if they don`t, we need to go back to the Supreme Court.” READ | Sex work is legal. Police can`t intervene, take criminal action, says SC Various fiction films have dealt with the subject of prostitution in India, including Slumdog Millionaire (2008), Chaarfutiya Chhokare (2014), Manoranjan (1974), Soothradharan (2001), Calcutta News (2008), Lakshmi (2014), among others.
The Prevention of Immoral Trafficking Act or ITPA, also known as the Prevention of Immoral Trafficking Act (PITA), is a 1986 amendment passed in 1956 following India`s signing of the United Nations Declaration on Action against Human Trafficking in 1950.  The Act, then known as the All India Suppression of Immoral Traffic Act (SITA), was amended to become the current Act.