“The state will make efforts to eliminate alcohol abuse and reduce underage drinking by banning unqualified people from accessing alcohol,” he added. The legal drinking age is 18 in Abu Dhabi (although a Ministry of Tourism regulation allows hotels to serve alcohol only to people over 21) and 21 in Dubai and the Northern Emirates (except Sharjah, where alcohol consumption is prohibited).  Police may search minors in public places and confiscate or destroy alcoholic beverages in their possession. Incidents are reported to the legal guardian and child protection services, who may be involved in child protection proceedings. In addition, a fine is imposed on persons aged 15 and over.  In the 1970s, provincial and state policymakers in Canada and the United States switched to lower MLDAs (which were set at 21 in most provinces, territories, and states) to coincide with the age of judicial majority – usually 18. As a result, MLDAs have been reduced in all Canadian provinces [and] in more than half of U.S. states. In Canada, however, two provinces, Ontario (1979) and Saskatchewan (1976), rapidly increased their subsequent AOMLs from ages 18 to 19 in response to some studies showing a link between lowering the drinking age and increasing alcohol-related harms among adolescents and young adults, including increases in motor vehicle crashes and alcohol poisoning among high school students. Following the reduction of AMRs in the United States, research conducted in several states provided convincing evidence of a sharp increase in fatal and non-fatal traffic accident rates that occurred immediately after the introduction of a lower age for drinking.
These scientific discoveries increased public pressure on legislators to increase MLDAs, and in response, the federal government introduced the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984, which required a reduction in highway funding for states if they did not increase their MLDA to 21. All states complied and introduced a 21-year MLDA in 1988.  The method of calculating the legal age for alcohol is slightly different from the calculation of the Korean age, where another year is added to the person`s age, whereas this method only takes into account the month and day of birth, but only the year.  The legal age for drinking and purchasing alcohol in the Faroe Islands is 18.  It is technically legal for minors to possess and consume alcohol at home and in public (not on authorized premises), as there is no law prohibiting it. It is also technically legal for someone to buy alcohol and give it to minors outside the store or licensed establishments.  In the late 20th century, much of North America changed its legal drinking age (MLDA) as follows: A bill was proposed in the Philippine Legislature to raise the legal drinking age from 18 to 21. Scientific evidence shows that a legal age of 21 leads to less alcohol consumption and harm, such as alcohol-related injuries and deaths. As WHO data show, a significant proportion of 15- to 19-year-olds who have started drinking alcohol in the Philippines are already doing so in a dangerous way, putting their health at risk. This shows that the country must raise the legal minimum age to 21. Scientific evidence has shown that raising the legal drinking age significantly reduces alcohol-related injuries and deaths.
The legal minimum age of 21 has led to a reduction in alcohol consumption rates, even after the youth has reached the age of 21. Therefore, raising the legal minimum age to 21 can protect children and adolescents in the Philippines from alcohol-related harm, now and in the long term. A BIL that wants to ban young people under 21 from consuming alcoholic beverages has been submitted to the House of Representatives. In North America, the legal drinking age and the legal purchasing age range from 18 to 21: consumption in public places, with the exception of designated drinking areas, is prohibited regardless of age. Some states do not allow people under the legal drinking age in liquor stores or bars (generally, the difference between a bar and a restaurant is that food is only served in the latter). Contrary to popular belief, only a few states prohibit minors and young adults from consuming alcohol in private places. In Central America, the Caribbean and South America, the legal drinking age and the legal purchasing age range from 0 to 20 years (see table below). Especially in South America, the legal age to purchase is 18, with two exceptions: the legal drinking age in the Philippines is 18, but children can easily buy alcoholic beverages in stores. Representatives Eric Yap (Benguet) and Paolo Duterte (Davao City) have introduced a bill to raise the legal age from 18 to 21. The most well-known reason for the law behind the legal drinking age is the effect on the brain in teenagers.
As the brain is still maturing, alcohol can have a negative effect on memory and long-term thinking. In addition, it can cause liver failure and cause hormonal imbalance in adolescents due to the constant changes and maturation of hormones during puberty.  Youth are also particularly at risk of injury when drinking alcohol, as they may not have the necessary knowledge about low-risk drinking. In fact, public health researchers found that people`s age to drink the first full serving of alcohol was significantly related to knowledge of low-risk alcohol consumption and beverage counting. Knowledge about low-risk alcohol consumption and frequency of beverage counting increased more sharply with age at first drinking in adolescence than at the end of the period.  The legal drinking age is the minimum age at which a person can legally consume alcoholic beverages. The minimum age at which alcohol can be legally consumed may differ from the age at which it can be purchased in some countries. These laws vary from country to country and many laws provide for exceptions or special circumstances.
Most laws only apply to alcohol consumption in public places, with alcohol consumption in the home generally unregulated (an exception is the UK, which has a legal age of five for supervised consumption in private places). Some countries also have different age limits for different types of alcoholic beverages.  Most countries have a legal drinking age of 18 or 19.  Schedule of changes in the age of alcohol consumption or purchase or laws restricting access to alcohol for minors: Children`s Act Section 78 – No person shall sell, lend, give, provide, provide or offer liquor to children under 16 years of age unless a written order is issued by the child`s parent or guardian. who is known to that person. The police have a duty to confiscate any alcoholic beverage in the possession of a child under the age of 16 without the written consent of parents or guardians.  “Young people play an important role in nation-building and it is the duty of the state to promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual and social well-being,” Duterte said in a statement Wednesday. House Bill No.
1753 was passed on May 11. July 2022 to prohibit “unqualified persons” from buying alcoholic products and prohibit others from buying alcoholic products for them. (16 on site for wine or malt liquor with a meal)  Minors who violate the bill must attend two direct counselling sessions organized by the local village council with their guardian. The social welfare office will take care of them if they do not. More than half of Filipinos between the ages of 20 and 59 drink alcoholic beverages excessively, according to the Health Survey of the Food Research and Nutrition Institute. He also said that 15 percent of Filipinos between the ages of 10 and 19 consume alcohol and 37 percent of them are underage drinkers. The bill has not yet come into force. www.phnompenhpost.com/national/groups-urge-passing-alcohol-law-be-sped. A more controversial aspect of the bill is to prohibit people with disabilities from purchasing alcohol. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism maintains a database detailing state regulations on age limits for consumption and sale.  Since the human brain develops until the age of 25. Alcohol consumption poses a risk to the development of children and adolescents in terms of cognitive and intellectual development.
It is prohibited to sell alcoholic beverages to persons under the age of 18. It is also forbidden for minors to buy and consume alcohol.  It is continually updated as jurisdictions adopt or revise their requirements with the assistance of Library of Congressional Law staff (Washington, DC).